CMS-PAS-HIG-19-005 | ||
Combined Higgs boson production and decay measurements with up to 137 fb$^{-1}$ of proton-proton collision data at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV | ||
CMS Collaboration | ||
January 2020 | ||
Abstract: Combined measurements of the production and decay rates of the Higgs boson, its couplings to vector bosons and fermions, and interpretations in the effective field theory framework are presented. The analysis uses the LHC proton-proton collision data set recorded with the CMS detector at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV in 2016, 2017, and 2018, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of up to 137 fb$^{-1}$, depending on the decay channel. All results are found to be compatible with the standard model expectation within the current uncertainties. | ||
Links: CDS record (PDF) ; inSPIRE record ; CADI line (restricted) ; |
Figures & Tables | Summary | Additional Figures | References | CMS Publications |
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Figures | |
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Figure 1:
Examples of leading-order Feynman diagrams for the ${\mathrm{g} \mathrm{g} \mathrm{H}}$ (upper left), ${\mathrm {VBF}}$ (upper right), ${\mathrm {V}\mathrm{H}}$ (lower left), and ${\mathrm{t} \mathrm{t} \mathrm{H}}$ (lower right) production modes. |
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Figure 1-a:
Example of leading-order Feynman diagram for the ${\mathrm{g} \mathrm{g} \mathrm{H}}$ production mode. |
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Figure 1-b:
Example of leading-order Feynman diagram for the ${\mathrm {VBF}}$ production mode. |
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Figure 1-c:
Example of leading-order Feynman diagram for the ${\mathrm {V}\mathrm{H}}$ production mode. |
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Figure 1-d:
Example of leading-order Feynman diagram for the ${\mathrm{t} \mathrm{t} \mathrm{H}}$ production mode. |
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Figure 2:
Examples of leading-order Feynman diagrams for the $\text {gg}\to {\mathrm{Z} \mathrm{H}} $ production mode. |
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Figure 2-a:
Example of leading-order Feynman diagram for the $\text {gg}\to {\mathrm{Z} \mathrm{H}} $ production mode. |
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Figure 2-b:
Example of leading-order Feynman diagram for the $\text {gg}\to {\mathrm{Z} \mathrm{H}} $ production mode. |
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Figure 3:
Examples of leading-order Feynman diagrams for ${\mathrm{t} \mathrm{H}}$ production via the ${\mathrm{t} \mathrm{H} \mathrm{W}}$ (upper left and right) and ${\mathrm{t} \mathrm{H} \mathrm{q}}$ (lower) modes. |
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Figure 3-a:
Example of leading-order Feynman diagram for ${\mathrm{t} \mathrm{H}}$ production via the ${\mathrm{t} \mathrm{H} \mathrm{W}}$ mode. |
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Figure 3-b:
Example of leading-order Feynman diagram for ${\mathrm{t} \mathrm{H}}$ production via the ${\mathrm{t} \mathrm{H} \mathrm{W}}$ mode. |
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Figure 3-c:
Example of leading-order Feynman diagram for ${\mathrm{t} \mathrm{H}}$ production via the ${\mathrm{t} \mathrm{H} \mathrm{q}}$ mode. |
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Figure 4:
Examples of leading-order Feynman diagrams for Higgs boson decays in the $\mathrm{H\to b\bar{b}}$, $\mathrm{H\to \tau\tau}$, and $\mathrm{H\to \mu\mu}$ (upper left); $\mathrm{H\to ZZ}$ and $\mathrm{H\to WW}$ (upper right); and $\mathrm{H\to \gamma\gamma}$ (lower) channels. |
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Figure 4-a:
Example of leading-order Feynman diagram for Higgs boson decay in the $\mathrm{H\to b\bar{b}}$, $\mathrm{H\to \tau\tau}$ and $\mathrm{H\to \mu\mu}$ channels. |
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Figure 4-b:
Example of leading-order Feynman diagram for Higgs boson decay in the $\mathrm{H\to ZZ}$ and $\mathrm{H\to WW}$ channels. |
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Figure 4-c:
Example of leading-order Feynman diagram for Higgs boson decay in the $\mathrm{H\to \gamma\gamma}$ channel. |
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Figure 4-d:
Example of leading-order Feynman diagram for Higgs boson decay in the $\mathrm{H\to \gamma\gamma}$ channel. |
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Figure 5:
Signal strength modifiers for the production, $\mu _i$, and for the decay, $\mu ^f$, modes on the left and the right panel, respectively. The thick (thin) black lines report the $1\sigma $ ($2\sigma $) confidence intervals. The thick blue and red lines report the statistical and systematic components of the $1\sigma $ confidence intervals. The assumptions used in this fit are described in the text. |
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Figure 5-a:
Signal strength modifiers for the production, $\mu _i$. The thick (thin) black lines report the $1\sigma $ ($2\sigma $) confidence intervals. The thick blue and red lines report the statistical and systematic components of the $1\sigma $ confidence intervals. The assumptions used in this fit are described in the text. |
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Figure 5-b:
Signal strength modifiers for the decay, $\mu ^f$. The thick (thin) black lines report the $1\sigma $ ($2\sigma $) confidence intervals. The thick blue and red lines report the statistical and systematic components of the $1\sigma $ confidence intervals. The assumptions used in this fit are described in the text. |
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Figure 6:
Signal strength modifiers for the production times decay mode, $\mu _i^f$. The black points and horizontal error bars show the best-fit values and $1\sigma $ confidence intervals, respectively. The arrows indicate cases where the confidence intervals exceed the scale of the horizontal axis. The gray filled boxes indicate signal strength modifiers which are not included in the model, while the gray hatched box indicates the region for which the sum of signal and background becomes negative in the fit for $\mu _{{\mathrm{t} \mathrm{t} \mathrm{H}}}^{{\mathrm{Z} \mathrm{Z}}}$. In the $ {\mathrm{H} \to {\mathrm{Z} \mathrm{Z}}} $ decay mode, a common modifier is fit to the $ {\mathrm{W} \mathrm{H}} $ and $ {\mathrm{Z} \mathrm{H}} $ production modes. The measured value and $1\sigma $ confidence interval for each production cross section modifier, $\mu _{i}$, from the combination across decay channels, is indicated by the blue vertical line, and the blue bands, respectively. The indicated p-value is given for the production times decay mode signal strength modifiers. The assumptions used in this fit are described in the text. |
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Figure 7:
Summary of the couplings modifiers $\vec{\kappa}$. The thick (thin) black lines report the $1\sigma $ ($2\sigma $) confidence intervals. |
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Figure 8:
Profile likelihood scans as a function of $ {\kappa _{\lambda}} $ for the observed data (black solid line). The expected result assuming a SM Higgs boson (red dashed line), derived from an Asimov data set with $ {\kappa _{\lambda}} =1$ is also shown. |
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Figure 9:
Profile likelihood scans as a function of $ {\kappa _{\lambda}} $ and $ {\kappa _{\mathrm {F}}} $ (left), and $ {\kappa _{\lambda}} $ and $ {\kappa _{\mathrm {V}}} $ (right). The blue color scale shows the value of $q$ at each point in the scan, while the black marker, and solid and dashed lines show the best-fit point, and the 68% and 95% CL contours, respectively. The red marker corresponds to the SM prediction. |
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Figure 9-a:
Profile likelihood scans as a function of $ {\kappa _{\lambda}} $ and $ {\kappa _{\mathrm {F}}} $. The blue color scale shows the value of $q$ at each point in the scan, while the black marker, and solid and dashed lines show the best-fit point, and the 68% and 95% CL contours, respectively. The red marker corresponds to the SM prediction. |
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Figure 9-b:
Profile likelihood scans as a function of $ {\kappa _{\lambda}} $ and $ {\kappa _{\mathrm {V}}} $. The blue color scale shows the value of $q$ at each point in the scan, while the black marker, and solid and dashed lines show the best-fit point, and the 68% and 95% CL contours, respectively. The red marker corresponds to the SM prediction. |
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Figure 10:
Summary plot for the HEL parameter scans. The best fit values when profiling (fixing) the other parameters are shown by the solid black (hollow blue) points. The $\pm 1\sigma $ and $\pm 2\sigma $ confidence intervals are represented by the thick and thin black lines respectively for the profiled scenario, and the green and yellow bands respectively for the fixed scenario. The assumptions used in this fit are described in the text. |
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Figure 11:
Profiled likelihood scans for (clockwise from top left) $c_G$, $c_A$, $c_{HW}$, and $c_{WW}-c_B$. The solid black lines correspond to the fit in which all parameters are allowed to vary simultaneously and the dashed blue lines to the fits where only one parameter is varied at a time. The assumptions used in this fit are described in the text. |
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Figure 11-a:
Profiled likelihood scans for $c_G$. The solid black lines correspond to the fit in which all parameters are allowed to vary simultaneously and the dashed blue lines to the fits where only one parameter is varied at a time. The assumptions used in this fit are described in the text. |
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Figure 11-b:
Profiled likelihood scans for $c_A$. The solid black lines correspond to the fit in which all parameters are allowed to vary simultaneously and the dashed blue lines to the fits where only one parameter is varied at a time. The assumptions used in this fit are described in the text. |
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Figure 11-c:
Profiled likelihood scans for $c_{WW}-c_B$. The solid black lines correspond to the fit in which all parameters are allowed to vary simultaneously and the dashed blue lines to the fits where only one parameter is varied at a time. The assumptions used in this fit are described in the text. |
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Figure 11-d:
Profiled likelihood scans for $c_{HW}$. The solid black lines correspond to the fit in which all parameters are allowed to vary simultaneously and the dashed blue lines to the fits where only one parameter is varied at a time. The assumptions used in this fit are described in the text. |
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Figure 12:
Profiled likelihood scans for (clockwise from top left) $c_u$, $c_d$, $c_{\ell}$. The solid black lines correspond to the fit in which all parameters are allowed to vary simultaneously and the dashed blue lines to the fits where only one parameter is varied at a time. The assumptions used in this fit are described in the text. |
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Figure 12-a:
Profiled likelihood scans for $c_u$. The solid black lines correspond to the fit in which all parameters are allowed to vary simultaneously and the dashed blue lines to the fits where only one parameter is varied at a time. The assumptions used in this fit are described in the text. |
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Figure 12-b:
Profiled likelihood scans for $c_d$. The solid black lines correspond to the fit in which all parameters are allowed to vary simultaneously and the dashed blue lines to the fits where only one parameter is varied at a time. The assumptions used in this fit are described in the text. |
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Figure 12-c:
Profiled likelihood scans for $c_{\ell}$. The solid black lines correspond to the fit in which all parameters are allowed to vary simultaneously and the dashed blue lines to the fits where only one parameter is varied at a time. The assumptions used in this fit are described in the text. |
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Figure 13:
Observed correlations in the HEL parameters. The size of the correlation is given by the colour scale with positive (negative) correlation represented by blue (yellow). The assumptions used in this fit are described in the text. |
Tables | |
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Table 2:
Best-fit values and $ \pm 1 \sigma $ uncertainties for the production mode signal strength parametrization. The expected uncertainties for $\mu _{i} = 1$ are given in brackets. |
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Table 3:
Best-fit values and $ \pm 1 \sigma $ uncertainties for the decay channel signal strength parametrization. The expected uncertainties for $\mu ^{f} = 1$ are given in brackets. |
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Table 4:
Best-fit values and $ \pm 1 \sigma $ uncertainties for the production times decay signal strength parametrization. The expected uncertainties for $\mu _{i}^{f}=1$ are given in brackets. |
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Table 5:
Best-fit values and $ \pm 1 \sigma $ uncertainties for the parameters of the coupling modifier model. The expected uncertainties for $\kappa _{i}=1$ are given in brackets. |
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Table 6:
$K_{\mathrm {BSM}}$ values for parametrization of Higgs boson production modifiers $\mu _{i}$, in the Higgs boson self-coupling modifier model. |
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Table 7:
$C^{f}$ values for parametrization of Higgs boson branching ratio modifiers $\mu ^{f}$, in the Higgs boson self-coupling modifier model. |
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Table 8:
Best fit values, $\pm 1\sigma $ uncertainties and $95%$ CL intervals for $ {\kappa _{\lambda}} $ under different assumptions for the vector boson and fermion Higgs boson couplings. The expected uncertainties and intervals for $\kappa _{\lambda}=1$, evaluated on an Asimov data set, are given in brackets. |
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Table 9:
Best fit values and $\pm 1\sigma $ uncertainties for the fitted HEL parameters. The expected uncertainties for $c_{j}=0$, evaluated on an Asimov data set are given in brackets. The definition of the HEL parameters in terms of the EFT Wilson coefficients, $f_j/\Lambda ^2$, are also provided. The $\pm 1\sigma $ uncertainties for $c_u$, $c_d$ and $c_\ell $ are related to the minima around zero. |
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Table 10:
$A_j$ coefficients for the STXS stage 0 bins. |
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Table 11:
$B_{jk}$ coefficients for the STXS stage 0 bins. |
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Table 12:
$A_j$ coefficients for the ${\mathrm{g} \mathrm{g} \mathrm{H}}$ and ${\mathrm {VBF}}$ STXS stage 1.0 bins. |
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Table 13:
$A_j$ coefficients for the ${\mathrm{W} \mathrm{H}}$, ${\mathrm{Z} \mathrm{H}}$ and ${\mathrm{t} \mathrm{t} \mathrm{H}}$ STXS stage 1.0 bins. |
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Table 14:
$B_{jk}$ coefficients for the ${\mathrm{g} \mathrm{g} \mathrm{H}}$ STXS stage 1.0 bins. |
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Table 15:
$B_{jk}$ coefficients for the ${\mathrm {VBF}}$ STXS stage 1.0 bins. |
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Table 16:
$B_{jk}$ coefficients for the ${\mathrm{W} \mathrm{H}}$, ${\mathrm{Z} \mathrm{H}}$ and ${\mathrm{t} \mathrm{t} \mathrm{H}}$ STXS stage 1.0 bins. |
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Table 17:
$A_j$ coefficients for the ${\mathrm{g} \mathrm{g} \mathrm{H}}$ STXS stage 1.1 bins. |
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Table 18:
$A_j$ coefficients for the ${\mathrm {VBF}}$ STXS stage 1.1 bins. |
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Table 19:
$A_j$ coefficients for the ${\mathrm{W} \mathrm{H}}$, ${\mathrm{Z} \mathrm{H}}$ and ${\mathrm{t} \mathrm{t} \mathrm{H}}$ STXS stage 1.1 bins. |
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Table 20:
$B_{jk}$ coefficients for the ${\mathrm{g} \mathrm{g} \mathrm{H}}$ STXS stage 1.1 bins. |
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Table 21:
$B_{jk}$ coefficients for the ${\mathrm {VBF}}$ STXS stage 1.1 bins. |
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Table 22:
$B_{jk}$ coefficients for the ${\mathrm {VBF}}$ STXS stage 1.1 bins. |
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Table 23:
$B_{jk}$ coefficients for the ${\mathrm{W} \mathrm{H}}$ STXS stage 1.1 bins. |
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Table 24:
$B_{jk}$ coefficients for the ${\mathrm{Z} \mathrm{H}}$ and ${\mathrm{t} \mathrm{t} \mathrm{H}}$ STXS stage 1.1 bins. |
Summary |
This note has presented a set of combined measurements of Higgs boson production and decay rates; coupling modifiers to the standard model (SM) particles; and interpretations in terms of the Higgs boson self coupling and parameters in the effective field theory. Analyses targeting the gluon fusion, vector boson fusion, $\mathrm{W}$-, $\mathrm{Z}$- and $\mathrm{t\bar{t}}$-associated production modes are included in the combination. These analyses target Higgs boson decays to $\gg$, ${\mathrm{Z}\mathrm{Z}} $, ${\mathrm{W}\mathrm{W}} $, ${\tau\tau} $, ${\mathrm{b}\mathrm{b}} $, and $ {\mu\mu} $ pairs, using 13 TeV proton-proton collision data collected between 2016-2018 with integrated luminosities of between 35.9-137 fb$^{-1}$ depending on the analysis. The combined Higgs boson signal strength is measured to be 1.02$^{+0.07}_{-0.06}$, and signal strengths measured per production and decay mode are also found to be in agreement with the SM prediction. In addition, an interpretation is provided in which these production and decay rates are parameterised by the Higgs boson self-coupling modifier $\kappa_{\lambda}$. The measured value is compatible with the SM expectation, and a 95% confidence level interval of $[-3.5, 14.5]$ is determined under the assumption that the Higgs boson couplings to fermions and vector bosons take their SM values. An effective field theory interpretation is also presented, in which constraints on the parameters of the Higgs Effective Lagrangian model are determined. For many of the parameters these results represent the strongest constraints to date. |
Additional Figures | |
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Additional Figure 1:
Signal strength modifiers $\mu _i$ for the production modes. The thick (thin) black lines report the 1$\sigma $ (2$\sigma $) confidence intervals. The thick blue and red lines report the statistical and systematic components of the 1$\sigma $ confidence intervals. The probability of compatibility between the measurement and the SM prediction ($p_\text {SM}$) is reported. The assumptions used in this fit are described in the text. |
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Additional Figure 2:
Signal strength modifiers $\mu ^f$ for the decay modes. The thick (thin) black lines report the 1$\sigma $ (2$\sigma $) confidence intervals. The thick blue and red lines report the statistical and systematic components of the 1$\sigma $ confidence intervals. The probability of compatibility between the measurement and the SM prediction ($p_\text {SM}$) is reported. The assumptions used in this fit are described in the text. |
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Additional Figure 3:
Summary of the couplings modifiers $\vec{\kappa}$. The thick (thin) black lines report the 1$\sigma $ (2$\sigma $) confidence intervals. The probability of compatibility between the measurement and the SM prediction ($p_\text {SM}$) is reported. The assumptions used in this fit are described in the text. |
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Additional Figure 4:
Observed correlations between the production mode signal strength modifiers. The size of the correlation is given by the colour scale with positive (negative) correlation represented by blue (yellow). The assumptions used in this fit are described in the text. |
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Additional Figure 5:
Observed correlations between the decay mode signal strength modifiers. The size of the correlation is given by the colour scale with positive (negative) correlation represented by blue (yellow). The assumptions used in this fit are described in the text. |
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Additional Figure 6:
Observed correlations between the production times decay mode signal strength modifiers. The size of the correlation is given by the colour scale with positive (negative) correlation represented by blue (yellow). The assumptions used in this fit are described in the text. |
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